Proteins And Carbohydrates

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Proteins and CarbohydratesCarbohydrates, proteins an d few more molecules are the biological molecules, the organic compounds that only living cells assemble under conditions that now occur in nature.

A protein is an organic compound composed of one or more polypeptide chains. A carbohydrate is a molecule of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen mostly in a 1:2:1 ratio. Carbohydrates are structural materials, energy stores, and transportable energy forms. Monosaccharide, oligosaccharide, polysaccharide.

Carbohydrates are made of sugars, and proteins are made of amino acids. The smallest molecule of a carbohydrate is called a monomer of sugar, or a monsaccharide if you will. A chain of two or more monosaccharides is called a oligosacchaide.

Proteins and other large molecules have oligosaccharides attached as chains.

A complex carbohydrate is a polysaccharide. They are straight or branched chains of sugar monomers of the same type.

Proteins are made of amino acids, a small organic compound that consists of an amino group, and a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom and an "R" group.

Proteins in a primary state are a sequence of amino acids along a polypeptide chain. DNA is a protein in primary state.

The secondary structure of protein is a coiled pattern or an extended, sheet like pattern, that arises by hydrogen bonding at short, regular intervals along the polypeptide chain.

The tertiary structure is amino acids makes a coiled loop at certain angles and in certain directions, and interactions among R groups in the chain hold and loops in characteristic positions.

Proteins in quaternary structure have numerous hydrogen bonds and other interactions that join together two or more polypeptide chains.

They both thrive on a "chain" or some sort. Carbohydrates, have a polysaccharide chain, and with proteins, have a polypeptide chain. They are both digested and then returned to...



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